The only realistic case is a possible ro-ro route through Iran. However, an IHS source in the UND confirms that this route is just as problematic. Until 2015, the Iranian government imposed a prohibitive « fuel surcharge » on Turkish Lorries travelling on its territory, in addition to a customary transit fee, citing the subsidized retail price of gasoline in Iran. Another factor that increased transport costs was the alleged prioritization of Iranian trucks at the main border crossing between the two neighbours, resulting in queues of 20 km of Turkish trucks. Although a bilateral customs agreement signed on 15 January aims to eliminate these discriminatory practices, implementation is expected to be slow. In addition, the policy of « waterproofing » tank covers on Turkish trucks continued to prevent them from supplying subsidized gasoline to Iran, which contributed to long queues in Gorbulak. The Egyptian government`s decision not to renew a three-year transit agreement with Turkey is the latest episode in an ongoing political dispute between the two countries. The agreement signed in 2012 allowed Turkish truck companies to bypass the dangerous roads of Syria and Iraq to reach export destinations in the Persian Gulf. In September 2014, Egypt`s foreign minister cancelled a meeting with Turkish President Erdogan, requested by Turkey, after Erdogan gave a critical speech against Egypt at the UN General Assembly.  An adviser to the Turkish president denied that the heads of state and government of the countries planned to meet. Subsequently, however, the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs distributed to the media a scanned document of the Turkish meeting proposal and was published by the Egyptian newspaper Youm7.  The Sisi government also decided to denounce the Ro-Ro agreement with Turkey and to prevent Turkey from transporting Turkish containers in the Gulf via Egyptian ports.
 An intense campaign by Egypt and Saudi Arabia against Turkey caused them to lose its predicted easy victory over membership of the UN Security Council.  The Egyptian government has decided not to renew a three-year transit agreement with Turkey, which expires on 22 April 2015. Launched in 2012 with the ousted Morsi government, the agreement allowed Turkish trucks to reach the Egyptian cities of Alexandria and Port Said by Ro-Ro ships and land transit to Egyptian Red Sea ports. From there, they would again be transported by roulier to the ports of Aqaba in Jordan and Duba in Saudi Arabia. This has provided Turkish trucking companies with an alternative to their original route through Syria to export destinations in the Persian Gulf, allowing them to bypass the risks of violence and disruptions linked to the ongoing civil war. Ro-Ro is an agreement that Egypt and Turkey signed in March 2012 to facilitate the transfer of exports between the two countries. The agreement aims to use Egyptian ports to transport Turkish exports of food, electrical equipment and textiles to the Gulf countries, after the Syrian authorities closed the crossing points to Turkish trade. Faced with rising tensions between Egypt and Turkey following the fall of President Mohamed Morsi in 2013, Egypt decided in 2014 not to renew the Ro-Ro agreement. The ship used by Menalines is now Anna Marine (ex Stena Leader). The bilateral trade agreement has many advantages for Egypt and aims to support the Egyptian economy and contribute to the advantage of its geographical location. Egypt has the potential to develop a logistics centre worldwide.
The service will facilitate Egyptian exports to Turkey and, further afield, to Russia and other markets in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and northern Iraq.