Signed in New Delhi on January 17, 2012, available in the Chinese MFA contract base in English, Chinese and Hindi. The English text of the agreement is also contained in the Indian MEA database on Indian contracts. Both sides agreed to establish the WMCC to address important border issues related to peacekeeping and calm in the border regions of India and China. (Article 1) The WMCC will be led by an Indian MEA official at the joint secretaries level and an official at the executive level of the Chinese AMF and will be composed of diplomatic and military officials from both sides. (Article 2) As can be seen from the current crisis in Ladakh, Indian diplomacy has been neglected, to put it politely. Driven by its military might, Chinese diplomacy depends on a show of force and does not have time to conclude bilateral agreements or agree. She will do what she wants based on what she can do. Because the distance at which the hat is thrown depends on the strength of the launcher`s hands. Srivastava recalled that in 1993, the two countries signed an agreement on maintaining peace and calm along the effective line of control in The Indian border regions; agreement on confidence-building measures in the military along the LAC in 1996; protocol on how to implement confidence-building measures in the military along the ZONE in 2005; agreement on the establishment in 2012 of a working mechanism for consultation and coordination on India-China border issues; and the border defence cooperation agreement in 2013. v. cooperation agreement in the fields of culture, education, science, sports, arts, media, tourism and youth affairs (signed on 15 October 1993, which came into force on 11 November 1999); The non-resolution of the border conflict led to the Salino-Indian war in 1962 and there was no definitive agreement between the countries on the exact location of the LAC.
According to Alyssa Ayres, South Asia specialist at the Council on Foreign Relations, « China and India have different views of where they should be, resulting in regular border crossings. Often these tensions do not escalate; It is less common to close borders seriously, as is currently the case, although this is the fourth since 2013. » (ii) agreement on trade and economic cooperation (signed on 15.10.1993; came into force on October 24, 2004); Over the past four months, China has moved the LAC, as India understood after 1993, to a good Indian territory. This ranges from 1.5 km in some places to 4.5 km in others. And as is generally the case, China has put forward a legal argument to justify its new positions on the ground. It says that the 1993 agreement, which created the LAC, is only a legal document signed by both countries to maintain peace and calm and says nothing on the line.